Blantyre, Malawi – 2001
Southern African Development Community needs a coherent regional policy and strategy on Information and Communications Technology, signed by 13 heads of governments
Geneva, 12 December 2003
The World Summit on the Information Society: 44 Heads of State, Prime Ministers, Presidents, Vice-Presidents approve plan of Action which sets forth a road map to build on that vision and to bring the benefits of ICT to underserved economies.
Khartoum, Sudan - 2006
African Regional Action Plan on the Knowledge Economy (ARAPKE) adopted by the Executive Council of the African Union
Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt - 2008
13th Ordinary Session of the Executive Council in calling on the AU Commission to take the necessary measures to speed up the implementation of the Reference Framework for Harmonization for Telecommunication ICT Policy and Regulation
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia - in 2009
African Heads of State and Government Declaration on supporting the Program for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA)
Johannesburg - November 2009
Oliver Tambo Declaration adopted by the African Union Ministers in charge of Communication and Information Technologies
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia - 2 February 2010
14th Assembly of Heads of State and Government Declaration on Information and Communication Technologies in Africa
Abuja, Nigeria - 7 August 2010
Africa’s Information Communications Ministers Resolve to Push ICT Sector at Continental Level
Brazzaville, Congo - 3 May 2011
African health ministers have called for the use of information and communication technologies
Cape Town, South Africa - 4 June 2012
The Ministers responsible for Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) declare common desire and commitment to eradicate the barriers of poverty through the promotion and use of enabling ICTs
In this posting we analyze two countries that have "walked the talk" and started implementing real ICT strategies: Kenya and Rwanda.
The following comparative analysis begins by applying political, social, economic and technical metrics to both countries. Then we will compare global competitiveness and networked readiness indices of both countries.
This analysis utilizes publicly available data from recognized world organization and that is no older than two years (see links to data sources in Appendix).
Here are the metrics and indicators I selected:
1) Education- Literacy rate: % of people aged 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life.
- Quality of higher education (HE)
2) Business environment
3) Political, economic and social environment
4) Government ICT Drive
Below is a table comparing Kenya and Rwanda’s rankings in each metric outlined above. Green indicates the country with the advantage (WR = World Ranking)
Kenya is leading in:
- GDP/capita: Kenya is the region's leading economy
- Quality of life: Kenya's advantage is built on leisure and culture, freedom and climate.
1) Basic requirements (60%): institutions, infrastructure, macroeconomic environment, health and primary education
2) Efficiency enhancers (35%): higher education and training, goods market efficiency, labor market efficiency, financial market development, technological readiness, market size
3) Innovation and sophistication factors (5%): business sophistication, innovation
It is interesting to observe how Rwanda's global competitiveness as measured by the GCI is better than Kenya's. In fact, Rwanda’s GCI is improving as Kenya's GCI is stagnating over the last three years. Let’s look at the details.
The following graphic provides the details of the indicators entering the composition of the CGI. Indicators derived from the survey are expressed as scores on a 1-7 scale, with 7 being the most desirable outcome. I integrated the scores for both Rwanda and Kenya in the same graphic for easier comparison.
Networked Readiness Index
The NRI comprises four sub-indices that measure the environment for ICT; the readiness of a society to use ICT; the actual usage of all main stakeholders; and, finally, the impacts that ICT generates in the economy and society. These four sub-indexes are divided into 10 pillars: 1. Political and regulatory environment; 2. Business and innovation environment; 3. Infrastructure and digital content; 4. Affordability; 5. Skills; 6. Individual usage; 7. Business usage; 8. Government usage; 9. Economic impacts; 10. Social impacts.
You will fnd a more detailed analysis and comparison in my next posting.
Seeya later alligator...
APPENDIXThe following links have been used to collect the data used in this posting:
- Literacy rate (2010): World Bank Literacy rate (% of people ages 15 and above)
- World ranking of best university (2012): Webometrics
- Ease of doing business (2012): Doing Business.org/World Bank
- Corruption perception index (2012): Transparency International
- Inflation rate (2012): SID: The State of East Africa 2012 page 65
- Total tax rate (2012): The World Economic forum: The Global IT Report 2012 page 336
- Quality of overall infrastructure (2012): INSEAD/The World Economic Forum: The Global Competitiveness Report 2012 page 412
- Democracy (2011): Economist Intelligence Unit: Democracy Index 2011 (requires free registration for access)
- Good Governance (2011): World Bank: Worldwide Governance Indicators
- GDP per Capita (2011): The World Bank
- GDP growth rate (2011): The World Bank
- Quality of life (2010): International Living
- Government prioritization of ICT (2012): The World Economic forum: The Global IT Report 2012 page 374
- Importance of ICT to government vision of the future (2012): The World Economic forum: The Global IT Report 2012 page 375